Aluminum Alloy for Vehicles

Automotive Grade Aluminum alloys are primarily used in the manufacturing of various automotive components, such as body panels, chassis, engine blocks, wheels, and structural parts. The use of aluminum alloys in automobiles helps reduce weight, leading to improved fuel efficiency, enhanced handling, and increased overall performance.

What aluminum is used in the automotive industry?

  1. 6000 Series Aluminum is known for its excellent combination of strength, formability, and corrosion resistance. It is often used for body panels, chassis components, and structural parts in automotive applications.

  2. 5000 Series Aluminum: high strength and good corrosion resistance. It is commonly used in automotive applications where strength and durability are crucial, such as in the manufacturing of wheels and structural components. The most popular alloys are the 5052, 5083, and 5454 aluminum alloys.

  3. 2000 Series Aluminum exhibits excellent strength and heat resistance, making it suitable for applications such as engine blocks, cylinder heads, and other high-stress components in automotive engines.

  4. 7000 Series Aluminum offers exceptional strength and toughness, making it suitable for applications that require high performance and structural integrity. It is commonly used in automotive suspension components, crash structures, and other safety-related parts.

  5. 3000 Series Aluminum: moderate strength, good formability, and excellent corrosion resistance. It is often used in automotive heat exchangers, radiator tubes, and other cooling system components.

Types of Vehicles Grade Aluminum

Automotive Aluminum Mechanical properties

Alloys

State

Yield Strength(Mpa)

Tensile strength(Mpa)

Percentage of elongation (%)

5083

O/H111, H112

>125

270-350, >275

>15, >12

5454

O/H111, H112, H32

>85, >125, >180

215-275, >220, 250-305

>17, >8

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